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Geography of Montenegro

Montenegro - Montenegro GeographyMontenegro is a former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Montenegro lies on the Adriatic Sea between Croatia and Albania, also borders with Serbia, Kosovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Montenegro in its area is approximately equal to Cyprus or Connecticut, but a significant part of the territory is covered by "bunching" of mountain ranges. Nevertheless Montenegro is a small country with its 13,938 square km. The coastline of Montenegro is 293 km, 73 km of which fall on beaches. The length of the Montenegrin borders is 614 km. The highest point of Montenegro is mountain Bobotov Cook (city Durmotorus) 2522 m, although one sometimes argues, that the peaks of massif Prokletije on the border with Albania are even higher. The largest lake is Skadar (Shkodra). It has an area of 391 square km. The deepest canyon in Montenegro is Tara, its depth is 1300 m.

The total geographical shape of Montenegro is remarkable for incredible diversity. The narrow coastal plain( high Dinaric upland and the karst plains in the depth of Montenegro) interleaves by hills and bristled thorns. Karst relief is formed by limestones, out of which are made the Alps, and they, in turn, are included in more powerful system of ridges, which stretches along the Adriatic coast and is the mountain range of the Balkan Peninsula. Thus, soils in Montenegro are very porous and rain water quickly goes into the ground so rocky desert landscapes appear. Some lakes in summer dry completely up and there are whole labyrinth of caves and channels under the earth.

The narrow coastal plain is 277 km, formed by beaches and estuaries; there is also the so-called "the only fjord of Mediterranean. It is a spectacular gorge Boca Kotorska (Bay of Kotor) with high «pale hyacinth" cliffs, as they were aptly described by the writer Simon Winchester. They rise at right angle to the Gulf, but opposite in the western part of the coast, untouched Lustica peninsula with secluded coves and rainbow-blue grotto juts into the sea. Beach, the greater part of which is perfect for swimming, diving, sailing and almost any water sport, is covered with white pebbles. Strip of wide sandy beaches is drawing on the 13km far in the south of the former pirate stronghold, the city of Ulcinj,. Mild Mediterranean climate along the coast vouch for a long hot summer and swimming season for five or six months.

Skadar Lake, located only 40 km from the sea, is the largest lake in the Balkans and it is rich in flora and fauna. It is a paradise for anglers and ornithologists, and marshes, joined to the lake, are most extensive in the Mediterranean.

The northern part of Montenegro can boast monumental mountain ridges with deep narrow valleys of fast rivers, ravines, narrow and plateaus, as well as glacial lakes and virgin forests. Not surprisingly, this region, with its relief, which can reasonably be compared to the canyon in Colorado, and the center of the mountain peaks above 2000 meters, has historically served as an ideal place for partisan war, which was costly for the invaders over the centuries (Nazis came the last here). Although the north of Montenegro keeps the most economically underdeveloped region of the country, there is 200 km of hiking trails, challenging routes for climbers, as well as several trails for skiers (the ski holiday is particularly advantageous) in only one national park Durmitor. The Highlands Belasitsa-Komovi is situated near it. It is another small ski center, which is easily accessible from the central highland town Kolasin, and there is also a net of green trails for walking, not far from here lays the Biograd Gora. It is one of the few remaining primeval Europe forests. A third small ski center is located in the central part of the country near Niksic.

In the narrow coastal strip of Montenegro climate is Mediterranean with long hot summers and short mild winters. The average July temperature is about 28 ° C, maximum is 30 ° C. Average number of sunshine hours is more than 2500 and in summer is more than 300 hours per month, that is about 10 hours of sun a day. The average temperature in winter is 9 ° C. The wettest month is usually November.

Winter is cooler on the plains in the central part of Montenegro than on the coast and summer is hotter. The average January temperature is 5 ° C in Podgorica and in July is 26,5 ° C. The maximum temperature reaches 40 ° C here and minimum is minus 10 ° C.

Area of karst mountain regions is a plateau at an altitude of 1700 m, with peaks of height about 2000 m. The climate is subalpine with cold snowy winters (snow falls to 5 meters in the mountains) and modest 270 hours of sunlight per month. Maximum temperature in winter is 3 ° C and minimum is about minus 6 ° C. Summer temperature variations are from 9 ° to 23 ° C.

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